Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Malawi teaches a lesson or two to German youth


Jumping about and looking excited, the children shouted “Azungu! Azungu!” [White people! White people!]”.
That was when 12 German youths passed by in Makanjira in Mangochi sitting in the back of a pick-up.
They were on their way to launch a 30,000 euros school block they had helped build for Chilinda Primary School in the area.
The children literally chased after the vehicle with some trying to greet the visitors in the little English they know.
Accompanying the youths are seven teachers trying to give the socially disadvantaged young German citizens a second chance in life by giving them all the love and care they need to become productive citizens of society.
The new school block is the work of their hands. It is a little something to show the world that they are just as capable as anyone if given a bit of love and care.
It is not unusual to see many Malawian children or adults shout “azungu!” when Europeans visit their areas before breaking into songs of welcome with their trademark “Warm Heart of Malawi” friendly smile.
It’s this warmth and friendliness that captured the heart of one of the German youths.
Sebastian Broker, 17, says he likes helping and describes Malawi as a “nice place and the opposite of Germany because people in Malawi are friendlier than in Germany and the weather is not the same.”
He dreams of having a job in IT as he loves social media especially Facebook and Twitter but he does not plan to go to college.
However, his life was not always looking rosy because he got into trouble for graffiti and other things he did when he was involved with a street gang including smoking chamba (marijuana).
“I was involved with three gangs in our city and started when I was 13 but now my life is in control,” says the young man who together with the other youth showered praises on Malawi and the country’s very rich cultures.
The youth were full of admiration and learned a lot by living a “simple life” in Malawi.
They all had a typical Malawi village life experience in Makanjira, Mangochi, where they spent time helping build the school block for Chilinda Primary School.
Their base was a simple rest house equipped with a pit latrine and cold water to bath using a bucket.
They cooked their food on an open fire and drank water they treated themselves.
It was a life far different from the one they would lead back in their developed country but the youth had fun. After work at the school block site, they spent time playing games, chatting or trekking to a nearby trading centre.
Evelyn Seyfried, chairperson of the Travelling Work school Scholen says The Reisende Werkschule Scholen is a small school registered as a private institute which was founded in 1979 by a group of educationists.
The school, among other things, aims to prepare the youth for future trades and professions, job-seeking methodologies, societal learning, partnership with the Third World and fostering the understanding and solidarity amongst all people without regard to race, colour or creed.
Upon completion, successful candidates are awarded a High School Leaving Certificate and the course duration is limited to two years. It is offered to “German school dropouts who are usually socially disadvantaged or young people with very difficult social backgrounds.”
But why out of the more than 50 countries in Africa did they choose Malawi?
“We looked for a country with a democratic process, English speaking, a place where we would feel secure,” explains Seyfried.
“It’s important for cultural exchange and we have learned a lot from Malawian people. We have learned not to be right on time but follow African time so we have had to slow down.
“We have also learned that Malawians are friendly and more flexible than people in Europe who don’t have time for things. In Malawi people have plenty of time and other things like taking care of their families, communities, friendships etc,” adds Seyfried.
School authorities, Chief Chilinda, a representative of Senior Chief Makanjira and Benedicto Chambo, who is Member of Parliament for the area, were all over the moon and happy with the newly built school block.
Children faced problems going to schools where they had to cross rivers. So the late Senior Chief requested a Chilinda school through the German government through Travelling Work School who were already in the area and built three blocks for them.
“We now have six classes, nine teachers, 1090 pupils. The school has eased the distance for learners to go to far schools,” said Chambo.
The Travelling work school is situated in a small village called Scholen in the federal state of Niederasachsen (Lower Saxia) in Germany. It’s a boarding school type where the students live and learn for the duration of the course.
A two-month working visit to Africa plays a central role in the course structure and the main motive is to provide the students with practical exposure to the relationship between the rich and poor countries of the world and their independence.
Their aim, according to Seyfried, is not only to dwell on material aspects but to also tackle aspects of racism and prejudice.
In the past 32 years they have visited different parts of Africa including a refugee camp in Western Sahara, a village in Northern Ghana, Gambia and now Malawi.
The Travelling Work School functions as a small, private and nongovernmental organisation and one can only wait to see if such similar initiatives will be set up by Malawians for disadvantaged or trouble Malawi youth. 



Monday, December 12, 2016

OF ANCIENT MALAWI’S MIKOLO NJINJINJI (SACRED AFRICAN IBIS), HOOKS & FIG TREES (KACHERE)


chayankula-rock-2
The peak of Thyolo Mountain in Malawi, Africa has a huge ancient Chayankhula Rock (It has spoken) of the ancestors resting on three huge rocks placed in a triangle like the traditional cook place locally called mafuwa.
“The Mwala wa Nthunzi rock along Thyolo road came from Thyolo Mountain and produced a vapour”, says a very friendly young man in the area as this writer tried to take more photos of the rock whose grinding stone on top keeps on changing…maybe a sign some people still attempt the old ritual there of knocking on it three times.
This information was also confirmed by several elders in the area who connected Mwala wa Nthunzi to Thyolo Mountain and said it was not a Rock of Shadow as in Mthunzi but Nthunzi as in Vapour or Steam connected to ancient Malawi spirit of royalty known as Bona.
Gone forever are the days of theka theka (half, half) sorghum and mapira flour offerings to Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe (The One of the Bow hence Rainbow, Creator, Lightning & Thunder are His signs) at now extinct Malawi rain shrines including in Thyolo and Mulanje.
Thyolo Mountain was specifally known for Chayankhula Rock as in It has Spoken placed on 3 huge rocks like a traditional 3 stone cooking place known as mafuwa.
Reddish kite birds locally known as Mphamba or Kachiwatu were connected to that mountain and the way they shrieked made some elders believe they showed malaulo (bad omen).
Some grannies also said when Thyolo mountain had a thick forest, some disappeared near that ancient sacred Rock.
Its three mafuwa are also symbolic for Sirius locally known as Nthanda yaku M’mawa (the Star from the East) and the sacred Triangle peak to represent SapiTWA and where Chayankhula Rock is at the peak.
Aggie.jpg
Sitting near the ancient Chanyankhula Rock (It has spoke) right on top of Thyolo Mountain
While Bvumbwe’s Mapazi a Yesu (Feet of Jesus) was known in ancient times as Kambiri with a history of some ancient chiefs.  It is also believed to have 3 rock shaped like the mafuwa traditional cooking place triangle.
Of importance were fig trees like Kachere tree among those connected to ancient Malawi spirits the majority of citizens no longer believe in and seen on Bvumbwe hill. The Kachere tree is a Malawian fig tree which provides shade when big for meetings.
Online sources also show that plant latex locally known as ulimbo was usually taken from the “freshly-cut inner bark of the Kachere tree.”
Kachere tree.jpg
The Kachere fig tree is believed to have been used in a mixture for some white drawings and was different from Mkuyu which is the Sycamore fig with Nkhuyu (figs).
It’s the one which has a white sap which was used for writing in ancient times together with the Bloodwood tree (Mlombwa) for making the Nyanda bark cloth.
Online sources say the Sycamore fig is native to Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Israel, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
However it is also found in Malawi with mainly two important Mikuyu types. One has figs which can be eaten while the other has figs which are not eaten.
The edible figs sometimes dry out including inside making them not edible because of the sun while other dried out ones are said to be eaten.
on-bvumbwe-hill
On top of Kambiri hill in Bvumbe, Thyolo
Now according to some oral stories traditional African beer put near Kachere Fig trees in mtsuko clay pots as an offering to the Creator [Namalenga] and spirit world.
According to Sapitwa priestess, Mayi Cecilia Jarden, sorghum (mapira) was also used in ufa (flour) offerings together with mawere (millet) while chikokeyani was the traditional beer put in mtsuko (clay pot) near a sacred tree, and thobwa the non-alcoholic drink one.
This blog can now reveal that Kachere tree was the one used when offerings specifically involved Mikolo Njinjinji (Sacred African Ibis) families. Rocks.jpg
Some ancestors believed ancient Kings had specific stars hence claiming they would shoot to the West to African prophesy eternal sleep as in their death and the East to prophesy their birth especially when it came low and resembled an African cross.
Both beer and the non-alcoholic thobwa drink were made using either millet or sorghum as well as for food offerings made during droughts.
the-traditional-mtsuko-clay-pot-of-thobwa
Mtsuko clay pot photo from Travel Malawi Guide website
Sorghum is a grain whose first recorded remains, dating back to 8000 BCE, were found in the Nabta Playa archaeological site in southern Egypt, writes Jane Summer in her article ‘Sorghum: The Must-have Gluten-free Ancient Grani.’
In Sudan, sorghum was also used as offerings at temples dedicated to Amun, a spiritual being they believed in.  The British Museum website reports that archaeo-botanical analyses of the mould shards excavated reveal that sorghum was the grain used to make offerings, not wheat and barley, as was used to make offering breads in Egypt.
Now some extinct priesthoods would stand near the Kachere tree connected to ulimbo (glue used to catch birds) to check for signs of Mikolo Njinjinji whom they believed would use the Kachere fig tree like a hook to catch, snag, trap (kokola) spirits of the deceased extinct ancient royal families to guide them on their way to the afterworld.
Njinjinji is also connected to nyenyezi (stars) and movements especially the ones today known as “shooting stars” and meteor showers, meteorites, comets and asteroids among other names of today.
Kite birds.jpg
Reddish Kite birds were seen near Chayakhhula Rock of Thyolo Mountain

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Focus on Sunday with Dumisani: Malawi not able to feed its people again? Published for a short-lived Maravipost column on September 27, 2015



Who can ever forget how Malawi once "fed its own people" and made headlines for its agricultural success stories and being able to produce enough maize for people to eat and export?

We also heard how the late President Bingu wa Mutharika "dreamed in color" and saw a Greenbelt Irrigation scheme to utilize Malawi's water bodies so the "war on hunger had been won".

It did not make sense for a country blessed with a lot of water to only rely on rain-fed agriculture and when rains fail people starve.

This could have been the inspiration behind the praise song 'Mose wa lero' by Phungu Joseph Nkasa in tribute to Mutharika for his "vision and agricutlural policies which were seen as strengthening the country's food security through the fertilizer subsidy programme.

Well in the song Nkasa told us Malawians that Mutharika was like the biblical Moses delivering the Israelites from bondage in Egypt hence him delivering us as Malawians from hunger and eating madeya (maize husks).

Not only did we hear about Mutharika's successful fight against hunger in music....songs of praise were also heard afar including from the director of the New York–based Earth Institute at Columbia University, Jeffrey Sachs.

As recent as 2012, Sachs reminded us how in his final two years "Mutharika had actually engineered an agriculture-led boom in Malawi, one that pointed a way for Africa to overcome its chronic hunger, food insecurity, and periodic extreme famines." 


He also credited the late president for standing “bravely against the arrogance of an ill-informed foreign aid community back in 2005.”

According to Sachs writing in an op-ed in the New York Times, the positive legacy and success story of the Mutharika name held a key for "Africa’s future development and escape from poverty.”

Around the time government exported grain to Lesotho and Swaziland and who can forget the 400,000 tonnes of maize to Zimbabwe?

AFP in 2007 reported Malawi being "swamped with surplus maize from two bumper harvests" and in 2008 Malawi was in the news again when it donated to drought-hit Lesotho and Swaziland.

But that seems like a long lost and now colourless dream as Malawi is once again facing a food crisis following floods and other forces of nature and not forgetting the political mess that happened back then.

Fast forward eight years later and no major irrigation project is in sight.
Bingu's brother President Peter Mutharika has since appealed for international help to cope with an expected food shortage that could affect 17 percent of the country’s population in coming months.

In his national address on the food situation Mutharika said people in 25 of the country’s 28 districts are at risk of hunger.

"That is over two million people not being able to meet their annual food requirement and some $150 million being needed to attend to those in need of food assistance."

There has been so much tension with this food crisis that many Malawians on social media and on the streets took government to task for allegedly traveling with a large delegation to the United Nations General Assembly.

But why is Malawi facing its worst food crisis in a decade...what went wrong?
Archbishop of the Catholic Church Thomas Msusa during a memorial mass for late Mutharika in May seemed to have a clue.

He hailed Mutharika for "eradicating hunger in the country during his tenure in office through the Farm Input Subsidy Program(FISP)" but went further saying "let’s borrow a leaf from Israel which feeds Europe with fruits harvested from irrigation farming of which its water is taken from over 100 Kilometers away what about us, a country which was blessed with vast bodies of water."

It's mind boggling that a country where agriculture is the backbone of the economy and is home to Africa’s third-largest freshwater lake called Lake Malawi, less than three percent of the land is irrigated.

Could it be that more political will is needed at the highest level followed by reviving agriculture and irrigation to ensure food security?

51 years after Independence should Malawi seriously be relying on donors to give citizens maize the staple food or holding more prayers to ask God for rains when they fail because of man destroying the earth?

Climate change, deforestion, silation and so many things are also affecting the environment so where there is a political will there must be a way to ensure people have food on the table.

Even biblically in Genesis 41 during the seven years of plenty the land produced abundant crops, all of which Joseph collected and stored in the cities.

In each city he stored the food from the fields around it and ended up having so much grain and when the seven years of famine began there was food throughout Egypt. 


When it got worse and spread, Joseph "opened all the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians" so people from all over the world bought grain from him.

Food can be multiplied by proper planning and irrigation using rain or water harvesting methods on top of the rivers and Lake Malawi we have.

Do our governments plan for such problems or has fire fighting management been the order of the day for many years because there is no good reason for us Malawians to starve when there is plenty of water in the country.

Should one have to walk on water or air as a certain Prophet seemed to do to realize that Malawi can use its rivers and wind to irrigate and produce energy?







Tuesday, October 4, 2016

Tasting ancient Malawi’s sorghum grain and cassava (First published in Malawi Airlines Tiyende magazine)

Sorghum from https://theafricanpotnutrition.com/2014/02/04/sorghum-a-nutrition-packed-african-grain/grain/

Gone forever are the days of theka theka (half, half) sorghum and mapira flour offerings to Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe at now extinct Malawi rain shrines.  But the grain seems to be making a comeback to complement maize during the constant droughts caused by the El Nino weather patterns.

Sorghum is a grain whose first recorded remains, dating back to 8000 BCE, were found in the Nabta Playa archaeological site in southern Egypt, writes Jane Summer in her article ‘Sorghum: The Must-have Gluten-free Ancient Grani.’

In Sudan, sorghum was also used as offerings at temples dedicated to Amun, a spiritual being they believed in.  The British Museum website reports that archaeo-botanical analyses of the mould shards excavated reveal that sorghum was the grain used to make offerings, not wheat and barley, as was used to make offering breads in Egypt.

However, pearl millet or black millet (machewere) was also used to make some local bread or cake for offerings in ancient Malawi.  Online records show the Sudanese farming it by 4000 BC before it spread to Egypt around 30000 BC and the rest of Africa. 


According to the only Sapitwa priestess in Malawi, Mayi Cecilia Jarden, sorghum (mapira) was also used in ufa (flour) offerings together with mawere (millet) while chikokeyani was the traditional beer put in mtsuko (clay pot) near a sacred tree, and thobwa the non-alcoholic drink one.

Both beer and the non-alcoholic drink were made using either millet or sorghum as well as for food offerings made during droughts.  She says when the Portuguese came between the 1500 and 1600s the maize they brought was also used as flour offerings, to cook nsima and for making some beer or liquor.

“Earlier ancestors didn’t know maize (corn) but makaka (dried cassava) and sorghum and millet, among other things when cooking nsima.  The youth of today don’t know these things and complain it sticks in the hand or is medicine, unlike in ancient times when children ate it like sweets.”

Ancestors knew nsima ya mtandaza from cassava and nsima ya mapira from sorghum which don’t need much water to grow and are healthy food products.

Raw Cassava

In Mulanje, southern Malawi, nandolo (pigeon peas) was prepared like porridge and a child would then drink water and feeling full, go to sleep.  Cassava as in mtandaza was sticky like glue (ulimbo) and was eaten with many things including bush ice locally known as mbewa, explains Mayi Jarden, adding that dried cassava was pounded as in kutibula or kusinja.

This issue was also raised by one of five journalists invited by the US Mission to the United Nations Agencies in Rome, Italy for meetings at UN agencies including WFP and the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development. 

In response to a question, Alexandre Meybeck, an FAO food and security change officer, explained how sorghum, compared with maize, is more drought resistant and has greater nutritional characteristics.  

However, he said the yield is lower so farmers produce less income from it so from a livelihood perspective there’s not much profit.

“Ideally on your farm you can have a combination of sorghum and maize for drought reasons.  There are farmers in areas of Malawi who have maize, cassava and sorghum.  

"This is precisely the trade-off between being more productive….you take modern varieties of maize and you put fertilizers, you have drought and you have nothing or being more resilient either as a farmer or country you have sorghum, all varieties of maize which don’t produce much and finally cassava” he said.


Research also shows that countries where cassava was consumed had less impact on their food insecurity because the prices of the cereals were linked to world markets.

Sorghum, the nutrition packed African grain, beyond porridge and chibuku, is also made like popcorn, boiled together with sugar beans (pinto beans) to make Nyekoe, a traditional dish from Lesotho and used in place of “teff” to make the traditional Ethiopian Inuera”, writes Cordialis Chipo, a registered dietician and founder of The African Pot Nutrition centre. 
Raw cassava : FAO

A Malawian taste of Supplì alla Romana (first published in Tiyende magazine for Malawi Airlines but blog photos)



It was about 5:20 am when Ethiopian Airlines Flight ET702 touched down in the ancient city of Rome, Italy, on a rather humid day after a very smooth and comfortable flight from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

It was transfer route from Lilongwe, Malawi so when I saw the ancient ruins of Rome, I knew my visit at the invitation of the US Mission to the United Nations Agencies in Rome for meetings with UN agencies would be successful.

I was among five journalists invited to Rome from 10-15 July for meetings with World Food Programme (WFP), the UN Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

Luckily, at the airport a WFP official was there to welcome us and immigration proceedings went smoothly so we were able to rest at Hotel Fortyseven Albergo in Rome before a brief orientation and lunch on the rooftop balcony.


Ben Jumbe took this photo of me on the balcony restaurant

Just when we were about to order pasta one of the women spotted rice and we agreed to order that dish. In between, when the waitress brought what I thought was a complimentary snack, I got excited but alas it was not meant to be!

What I thought was the ordered lunch meal turned out to be a very tasty and delicious Italian appetizer known as Arancinci or Suppli.  I could taste the cheese and tomato sauce inside the rice rolled up into balls coated with breadcrumbs.

My lunch that day

 One of the male journalists, before tasting the rice balls, stressed how he was "an African man who needed food".  After tasting the appetizer he was silenced by its delicious taste.

Speaking with a beautiful heavy Italian accent, the waitress explained how Suppli in Sicily includes meat and other things, unlike the Roman cuisine which is mostly cheese. Back home in Malawi we easily prepare spaghetti with meatballs and macaroni and cheese.

The closest to suppli was when we rolled the meatballs full of breadcrumbs in cake or bread flour before frying, but it was nothing close to the Italian masterpiece. 
Ben from Uganda was a lot of fun

I also witnessed how some pasta dishes are served as a 'first courses in Italy", while others are prepared "in light lunches such as salads". 

Italy and its food were also in the back of my mind when the US Mission to the United Nations Agencies in Rome gave us a Roma 48 hours pass to visit historical sites in the city.

These included the Colosseum known as Colosseo, the biggest amphitheatre which started  in 72 AD by Vepasiamo of the Flavia family hence it is also known as the "Amphiteatrum Flavium".

Other tourist attraction sites included the Panteon, Fontana di trevi Piazza di Spagna and the Basilica San Pietro.

According to Agata D. Francesco of Blue Italy tour guide, the Colosseum’s ancient builders obtained volcanic dust, sand and lime mixed with cement like material to build the strong structures.

She said the ancient Romans built a foundation on volcanic rock and animal games were played inside during the morning and gladiator ones in the afternoon. 


“The arena was made of wood covered by a thick layer of sand to absorb blood.  The Romans got lions, giraffes and ostriches from Africa and found wild animals in the Saharan desert.

“They imported them and were paid and financed by rich people to get the exotic animals.  The red marble was from the south of Egypt, the yellow from Tunisia and the others from parts of Africa”, she said.

Ancient Rome was influenced by Egypt which it conquered after the Greeks hence the slaves were also likely used to carry things for building.  Egyptian style architecture is also seen among the Roman arcs.

Agata D. Francesco of Blue Italy tour guide

One well-known Roman figure in Africa was Julius Caesar, a Roman politician and politician. Caesar also connected to ancient Egypt’s Cleopatra was assassinated on March 5, 44 BC by Marchus Junius Brutus.

Caesar’s body was cremated, and on the site of his cremation, the Temple of Caesar was erected a few years later (at the east side of the main square of the Roman Forum. 

We saw the altar that remains during our historical tour of the ancient city which left us breathless and experiencing the best of Italy. 



A Malawian taste of Supplì alla Romana (first published in Tiyende magazine for Malawi Airlines but blog photos)



It was about 5:20 am when Ethiopian Airlines Flight ET702 touched down in the ancient city of Rome, Italy, on a rather humid day after a very smooth and comfortable flight from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

It was transfer route from Lilongwe, Malawi so when I saw the ancient ruins of Rome, I knew my visit at the invitation of the US Mission to the United Nations Agencies in Rome for meetings with UN agencies would be successful.

I was among five journalists invited to Rome from 10-15 July for meetings with World Food Programme (WFP), the UN Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

Luckily, at the airport a WFP official was there to welcome us and immigration proceedings went smoothly so we were able to rest at Hotel Fortyseven Albergo in Rome before a brief orientation and lunch on the rooftop balcony.


Ben Jumbe took this photo of me on the balcony restaurant

Just when we were about to order pasta one of the women spotted rice and we agreed to order that dish.  In between, when the waitress brought what I thought was a complimentary snack, I got excited but alas it was not meant to be!

What I thought was the ordered lunch meal turned out to be a very tasty and delicious Italian appetizer known as Arancinci or Suppli.  I could taste the cheese and tomato sauce inside the rice rolled up into balls coated with breadcrumbs.

My lunch that day

 One of the male journalists, before tasting the rice balls, stressed how he was "an African man who needed food".  After tasting the appetizer he was silenced by its delicious taste.

Speaking with a beautiful heavy Italian accent, the waitress explained how Suppli in Sicily includes meat and other things, unlike the Roman cuisine which is mostly cheese. Back home in Malawi we easily prepare spaghetti with meatballs and macaroni and cheese.

The closest to suppli was when we rolled the meatballs full of breadcrumbs in cake or bread flour before frying, but it was nothing close to the Italian masterpiece. 
Ben from Uganda was a lot of fun

I also witnessed how some pasta dishes are served as a 'first courses in Italy", while others are prepared "in light lunches such as salads". 

Italy and its food were also in the back of my mind when the US Mission to the United Nations Agencies in Rome gave us a Roma 48 hours pass to visit historical sites in the city.   These included the Colosseum known as Colosseo, the biggest amphitheatre which started  in 72 AD by Vepasiamo of the Flavia family hence it is also known as the "Amphiteatrum Flavium".

Other tourist attraction sites included the Panteon, Fontana di trevi Piazza di Spagna and the Basilica San Pietro.

According to Agata D. Francesco of Blue Italy tour guide, the Colosseu’s ancient builders obtained volcanic dust, sand and lime mixed with cement like material to build the strong structures.

She said the ancient Romans built a foundation on volcanic rock and animal games were played inside during the morning and gladiator ones in the afternoon. 


“The arena was made of wood covered by a thick layer of sand to absorb blood.  The Romans got lions, giraffes and ostriches from Africa and found wild animals in the Saharan desert.

“They imported them and were paid and financed by rich people to get the exotic animals.  The red marble was from the south of Egypt, the yellow from Tunisia and the others from parts of Africa”, she said.

Ancient Rome was influenced by Egypt which it conquered after the Greeks hence the slaves were also likely used to carry things for building.  Egyptian style architecture is also seen among the Roman arcs.

Agata D. Francesco of Blue Italy tour guide

One well-known Roman figure in Africa was Julius Caesar, a Roman politician and politician. Caesar was also connected to ancient Egypt’s Cleopatra was assassinated on March 5, 44 BC by Marchus Junius Brutus.

Caesar’s body was cremated, and on the site of his cremation , the Temple of Caesar was erected a few years later (at the east side of the main square of the Roman Forum. 

We saw the altar that remains during our historical tour of the ancient city which left us breathless and experiencing the best of Italy. 




Took this picture of children in Milange, Mozambique admiring visiting Malawian children

Tracing footsteps to lead me home

Greetings from the Warm Heart Africa, Malawi.

I'm a Malawian journalist who grew up in many countries including South Africa, Belgium, then West Germany, UK, Washington DC and New York in the US and I love New York.

Trying to come up with the production of my life and by compiling some of my 1000 poems into a book called ‘Tracing Footsteps’ to lead me Home with excellent photography.

I also plan to film award winning documentaries based on the history of this ancient land called Malawi and the mysteries of Sapitwa and the Sirius star.

.....watch this space.


Pages