Thursday, August 4, 2016

Crop diversification for Zero Hunger (first published in Malawi's Nation newspaper on Aug 1, 2016)

Anaphiri and Kalulu in their village - Photo by Agnes Mizere
In Juma locality in Mulanje, Anaphiri is a revered elderly person like any other.  

The villagers scarcely call her by the first name -and some have christened her Anachanza.

The aged woman was sitting outside her humble home, shaking her head, deep in thought.  She was admittedly puzzled by effects of low maize yield as prolonged dry spells scorched most crop fields across the country.

Anaphiri has seen it all - the devastating famines of 1949, 2002 and last year.

"We will perish.  As was the case before independence in 1964, we will have nothing to chew," she sighed.

This echoes the cry of millions of Malawians as 40 in 100 will need emergency food assistance to survive.  Dwindling harvests have become common as rural farmers in Mulanje wait for reliable rains their ancestors once associated with hot winds.

This year, almost 6.4 million Malawians have been hit hard by the worsening food shortages caused by a severe drought.  To her, chronic food shortage confirms Malawians cannot survive on maize alone.  Not anymore!

Even youthful McDonald Kalulu knows this is not the first or last time Malawians are facing a food crisis.

Zero hunger by 2030

According to the World Food Programme (WFP), El-Nino has caused the worst drought in 35 years in Southern Africa.

“Malawi is one of the countries worst affected by El-Nino-related drought.  Its food security crisis is not only due to this year’s unprecedented drought but to the impact of severe flooding and prolonged dry spells last year,” the United Nations (UN) food agency reports.

The wrath of El-Nino threatens strides towards zero hunger by 2030, one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) world leaders adopted last year.

Last year I saw  Mulanje village maize mills destroyed by floods
Interestingly, empowered women, such as Victoria Msowoya of Karonga, are playing a greater role to rally their communities to stop relying on just maize to curb malnutrition and other food-related crises.

Through Homes Nutrition community-based organisation, Msowoya is living by example by promoting the growing drought-resistant crops such as cassava and sorghum.

She is more into preparation, preservation and actually growing the food for both home use and sale. Her emphasis is on value-addition.

 “It doesn't make sense to be malnourished when we can have plenty of food.  I want to invest in cassava flour. I did not know it was as good as wheat flour,” she says. 
Internet Cassava photo

Karonga citizens and their neighbours along Lake Malawi often soak, dry and pound cassava into flour for making nsima called kondowole.

Others grind unsoaked tubers into fine flour which they mix with wheat flour for making fritters and baking scones that are said to be more profitable to the traders and tastier and more nutritous to the consumers.

Msowoya also grows mapira (sorghum), which is becoming common in Chitipa.  Her role in crop diversification was under discussion when five journalists invited by the US Mission to the United Nations Agencies in Rome, Italy met with specialists from WFP and the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

WFP’s Food Systems Coordinator and Deputy Director for Policy and Programme Division, Steven Were Omamo says cassava and sorghum are essential to ending hunger.

“Crop diversification is a critical component of the growth of agricultural productivity and broader rural and economy-wide transformation,” he says.

According to him, cassava is worth scaling up because it is resilient to different geographical and weather conditions – notwithstanding the demand and multiple uses.
Saw a lot of sorghum (mapira) in Mulanje

Cassava is also used as a food sweetener, fuel, feed and fabric. 

He reckons value-addition is necessary to overcome its perishable nature and increase profits for rural farmers and entrepreneurs.

“Nevertheless, crop diversification is critical to food security at both household and national levels,” he says.

Relief operation

As hunger worsens, WFP is using food-for-work and cash-for-work initiatives as a short-term strategy for providing food assistance and ensuring progress in agriculture.

Water storage, soil management and planting more trees are also vital as poor farmers are hit hard by climate change, breaching soil fertility and land shortage.

The WFP initiative involves community members in conservation activities, reforestation, sustainable land management, small-scale irrigation, road construction and maintenance, income generation and livelihood diversification.

The locals prioritize their problems and identify solutions for them.

Omo explained:  “The community implements watershed activities using its own labour and management, with external support and trainings where necessary.

“This promotes community awareness and ownership of environmental rehabilitation, which is good for maintenance and sustainability.  Investments such as these are critical for communities to cope with the impacts of climate change.

WFP_Africa (@WFP_Africa) | Twitter 

Meanwhile, WFP has embarked on one of the largest emergency food distribution operation in the country as nearly 40 in 100 Malawians may require emergency assistance in coming months.

Nearly 80 percent of the hit population are smallholder farmers, the UN agency estimates.

“This is a dire situation, one that the world needs to take notice of right now before it’s too late”, said WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin in an interview during a three-day tour alongside US second lady Dr Jill Biden.

Cousin spoke with rural women who confessed having just enough food for a few more weeks before they start starving.

“We must urgently assist the people of Malawi and those affected by the drought in neighbouring countries, before food insecurity spirals into hunger and starvation.”

Biden, whose tour highlighted the gravity of the food shortage, announced that the US has donated $20 million (about K14 billion) through WFP to support the worst hit communities.

Feel free to like the Home Industries in Karonga Facebook page

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Avoiding Sun Rays to reach Dziwe la Nkhalamba (pool for the elderly) on Mulanje Mountain

It was a very hot day a few months ago when I decided to hire a taxi from Limbe bus depot which is actually matola transport to travel to Phalombe at a discount rate since I lost my cars many years ago and have never had enough money to buy another one.

I was determined to get to Phalombe to meet an elderly nyanga healer as one dealing in charms so that I could ask for permission to take a photo of his nsupa magical gourd made from mphonda losadibwe to mean a kind of squash which is not eaten.
“The calabash, bottle gourd, or white-flowered gourd, Lagenaria siceraria (synonym Lagenaria vulgaris Ser.), also known as opo squash (from Tagalogupo) or long melon, is a vine grown for its fruit, which can either be harvested young and used as a vegetable, or harvested mature, dried, and used as a bottle, utensil, or pipe,” partly read 
However on my way to Phalombe I could not help but stare at the beauty of majestic Mount Mulanje and the water flowing down from it and the sight of some young men beckoning us to climb up to Dziwe la Nkhalamba (pool for the elderly) within an hour was too hard to resist so I told the car to stop.
Armed with a heavy handbag and wearing sandals I decided we should trek up to Dziwe la Nkhalamba as I badly needed my own photos although all I had was my phone camera which wasn’t of good quality.
I was also tempted to drink clean looking water coming out of a rock but luckily I did not and focused on walking up.  
Despite that I ignored the heat and armed with a cedar chain with the words SAPITWA and Mulanje Mountain written on it we started our climb up and within 10 minutes I was sweating heavily as it was very hot.
As sweat covered my face and body I decided to rest for some 5 minutes half way through while I continued taking as many photos as possible.
The sun was so hot that I kept seeing rainbow colours or prism like things in the lens and when I asked the guide to take my photo the same effect was seen but not when he captured the mountain from another angle.  
It was under an hour when I saw water roar past me as we climbed up and I had to make sure I balanced myself as my sandals were lose and got one of the gentlemen to carry my heavy blue handbag. 
We climbed up and up and I felt as if I was doing push-ups and felt every muscle in my stomach react which made me feel good. 
By the time we start descending somewhere on top I saw the Dziwe la Nkhalamba waterfall in a distance and screamed with delight as I could hear the roar of water.
It was breathtaking and out of this world when we finally reached the pool and all I could do was take photos but I feared standing on the rocks as I imagined myself falling into the water yet I cannot swim despite many years of lessons….I fear deep water and imagine a hand pulling me in. 
After getting the guide and taxi driver to take some closer photos for me it was time to call it a day as the sun was beginning to set and we had to track back down.
On the way back I saw some men with cedar tree logs which they probably cut down illegally from the mountain but I pretended not to notice that much because I did not know what they were capable of doing. 
As we walked down I could feel my feet getting out of my sandals and the rocks scrapping them but I did not care as my mission to FINALLY SEE Dziwe la Nkhalamba had been accomplished and I felt so good to feel any pain.
Although I spent money though I’m self-employed to get someone to drive me to the place I felt it was worth it and next time I want to conquer the physical Sapitwa where many tourists go before attempting to see if I can be “kidnapped” into the mythical kingdom one and be able to come out after taking photos…..only time will tell indeed! 

Friday, April 29, 2016

Dancing has its roots in Africa (PARTS OF MY FIRST ARTICLE PUBLISHED IN 1996)

Inu mayi ee, bwera, bwera ee, Sungamwana ee, uzamudalise ee….inu mayi ee, bwera, bwera ee” (oh you our mother yes, come, come yes, Keep the Child yes, bless this one yes….). –  part of a sacred Dziwe la Nkhalamba song by elders who held suspected Mibawa canes or walking sticks which might be a type of African Mahogany in English.
They would tap on the ground three times while moving their feet in rhythm with the sacred music while the seeds they wore around their ankles added more beats.
Music has been defined as the art of combining sounds or sequences of notes into harmonious patterns.  One tends to wonder if music can affect one’s soul which is the seat of emotion, sentiment and aspiration through dance, a movement of measured steps.

Dziwe pool
It took me more than an hour to walk up to Dziwe la Nkhalamba on a hot day so I had to rest twice as it was exhausting but worth seeing where elders used to dance and sing to summon a spirit called Chinsinsi Sungamwana they believed was in a pool to appear

Most countries in Africa use music in traditional rituals and rites to invoke various spirits which possess a host’s body, usually the dancer.
Drums are the main but not only instrument used, with the talking drum being dominant, conveying messages with each beat.  Only trained dancers and drummers would be able to comprehend the message projected.
Drums are common in Malawian traditional music with both men and women using these instruments.  Various dances are performed in rural areas for different occasions from maganje, nsembe to festive celebrations.
In the Northern region Vimbuza is a common dance in which spirits possess the body which shakes violently while using all muscles while following the beat of the music.
Only one who is guided by the spirit can perform this dance.  Watching vimbuza one can see some similarities with the 1980s craze which was known as break-dancing.  There was a certain movement in which one would shake the whole body from head to toe as if having a fit or being possessed.break-dance-silhouettes-file-eps-format-35775081
These were the robot and wave where one behaved as if they were having an electric shock.
Gule Wamkulu the secretive masked spirit dancers from Malawi were said to be sexually explicit in that song but no confirmation but anyway during the Kamuzu days till democracy many traditional songs became politicized with some even worshipping leaders.
Some can see some similarities between Michael Jackson’s  hit video ‘Thriller’ and some of Africa’s sacred masked dancers including the way he seemed to grab his front the way pop-star Madonna also did.
The yells and screams are also similar to some of Africa’s masked dancers so one can definitely conclude dancing has its roots in Africa with it touching the soul of the continent. Thriller

Monday, April 25, 2016

Trying to understand the language of birds.....eagles, falcons

Once upon a time Malawi had parrots but don’t know it’s Chichewa name…is it Chingolopiyo?

Don’t criticize the king, even silently, and don’t criticize the rich, even in the privacy of your bedroom. A bird might carry the message and tell them what you said” – Ecclesiastes 10:20 Good News Translation (GNT)
I would be most grateful if holy people familiar with biblical verses would teach us outcasts what the above verse means as many in Malawi laugh at me when I pay attention to birds and consider that primitive though I’m trying to figure out local mythology about them.

Are those parrots which repeat words a person says?
 My area of interest are the birds which Malawians don’t usually eat including owls, falcons, eagles, hornbills and the Sacred African Ibis. Yes some might eat those but they’re not that easy to catch unlike the others and many Malawians consider birds appearing in a home evil although they were all created by Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe (God). 
 It’s just before the rainy season in Malawi when the sound of natures’ trumpets is heard….waaaaah! waaaah!! Waaaaah!!! cry the Trumpeter Hornbills in the busy commercial city of Blantyre startling me as I lay down on my bed in Soche East near Soche mountain.
I peak out of my room to see two huge Trumpeter Hornbills eating papaya from my tree with their big round eyes seeming to stare right through my soul. Even as I approach them they didn’t fly off but kept looking at me while moving their heads.
As if being guided by an invisible conductor the birds cry in unison like babies even louder again as if telling a story of sorrow which no man can understand.
Their constant cries can make those with creative minds wonder what they’re trying to say using bird language.
For me the way they cry varies and sometimes it sounds like sorrow but when some guests to my home saw the birds they freaked out and got scared with Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe (God) creations.

Zambia 1 S 1964
World of Coins taken from

For years these birds showed up at my former home and former workplace but these days I rarely see them landing but flying by. Previously I would hear them and as soon as I found the tree where they are there would be silence so I figured they could somehow think but that cry was something else.
I would then assume that their cry was normal for everyone hence them not reacting unlike me who never grew in a village hence I would always be surprised when they went quiet when I found them and would stare at me.

I also see a lot of falcons, hawks and suspected eagles which seem to cry when something tragic is about to happen.  I usually spot eagles near royal homes or traditional healers with royal blood and when they make their not so usual cry it alarms me as if fore-telling something while falcons or hawks flying in circles and other movements seem as if they're writing something in the sky.

Brown Falcon (Falco berigora)
Brown Falcon (Falco berigora)

Eagles and falcons fascinate me and till this day I’m always happy to see them wherever I am in the world as they remain my favourite strong birds but the sacred African Ibis and Northern Bald Ibis are not seen as often.
The last time I saw suspected Northern Bald Ibis they were flying in a V-formation and flew above me for about 15 minutes giving me enough time to study them, their beaks and how they flew and how the last would end up first and so forth.
It was like watching nature’s jet show.

Northern bald ibis
Northern Bald Ibis

When visiting Mangochi I usually witness African Fish Eagles flying passed and in my ears I can hear them flap their wings but there is another eagle looking bird which when it appears and cry I expect something specific to happen depending on where and how it lands.
I’m also told the term [m]vundulamadzi is African fish eagle in English and means the Eagle is so strong when it hits the water that it’s believed to make the fish at the bottom come up to the top in confusion.

African Fish Eagle
Online photo of African Fish Eagle in Malawi

So if there is one thing I will always remember about my former Malawi Housing Corporation home in Soche East, Blantyre; that would be the many birds that “kept me company” in thick and thin and made my garden beautiful.
I love gardening and would always plant different types of flowers and grass because the green helped sooth my migraine headaches so the flying birds always complimented the colours and I would love listening to their daily songs and watching them land before me.
The shrieking cry of the Hamerkop always alarmed me and gave me the creeps as it was like they were foretelling disaster and it’s one bird I can easily catch if I wanted to but I don’t as I see them really close including those that land near shopping places in Limbe.

Hamerkop landing photo from the Internet
Hamerkop landing photo from the Internet

The other colourful ones whose names I don’t know were like an alarm clock to wake me up in the morning and some were there right above the door at the entrance to my house to remind me it was getting dark hence they were ready to sleep.
“Rise up this mornin’, smiled with the risin’ sun, three little birds, pitch by my doorstep, singin’ sweet songs of melodies pure and true, saying’, (“This is my message to you”)….”Don’t worry ’bout a thing,’cause every little thing gonna be alright” sang Legend Bob Marley in his famous Three Little Birds song sounded real to me although unreal.
Of course the birds of the night like bats (mleme) once found its way into my house but I kicked it out and suspected they were attracted to the fruit trees I had outside but some were eventually uprooted including the banana tree.
Same with a white owl which once landed in front of me during the day near a home whose occupants were cruel to me.Malawi owl.jpg
It would stare directly into my eyes and a similar one appeared near my kitchen during the day when I opened the gate to let in a visitor who gave me the creeps.
The owl made a 360 degree turn and with one eye open and the other closed it stared at the guest who got nervous so we had to chase the damn owl away.
Same thing with pigeons and doves which showed up I would read into them and got the feeling pigeons prefer being around places where there is peace or people who have peace of mind.
However I never saw a parrot near my home although some claimed many could be found at a nearby Soche mountain but had “fled once human beings encroached the forest reserve or bush.”
Where there was “Long live Kamuzu” is no longer there and older healers who used to trek up the hill claim wild animals, birds and snakes that used to be there fled as humans replaced them.

Long Live Kamuzu
‘Long Live Kamuzu’ photo taken from Malawi@fifty Facebook page

Local birds known as Namzeze most likely swallows have fallen flat on their backs before me several times including in an office where I used to once work.
For some reason I fail to pick them up as their eyes make me feel sorry so it’s usually those near me who do that for me and let them go as I have no use for them.
It was also very normal for some birds to lay their eggs in my hanging flower pots near the entrance of my house or in many places on the roof of that former rented home.
But I never knew the types of birds they were as they varied and would always SING and DANCE even on gloomy days.
One that would sleep on a chord for my dish right near my bedroom would always stare straight into my eyes whenever I peaked unlike some others which would get startled….fly away and always come back to their resting place.
It was not unusual to always find white bird pooh on the doormat of my house as a bird always slept there and in many other holes near my bedroom.
There are so many other birds I have seen which would take a book to document so would like to hear other tales about them besides my personal experiences.

Blue Swallow

However there are some villagers in Malawi who claim there are a few “gifted” people who can somehow understand what such birds are saying and that it allegedly warns of something about to happen in the world.
How this is done remains a mystery but there are some people who still believe the behavior and sounds of some birds and animals can somehow foretell the future.
They also believe the Trumpeter hornbill is a mbalame yamizimu (spirit bird) with a natural horn (nyanga). Other beliefs about this bird and the spirit are not allowed to be shared on this blog.
This is in contrast to the Helmeted Hornbill with the “casque not hollow but is filled with ivory and is used as a battering ram used in dramatic aerial jousts.
Hornbills are locally common resident of the tropical evergreen forests of BurundiMozambiqueBotswanaCongoKenya, the Caprivi strip of Namibia and eastern South Africa, where it feeds on fruits and large insects according to the unofficial and easily edited Wikipedia.

Monday, March 28, 2016

Ancient Egypt's Ptah (Pitah) Djed like mythical ladder (Makwelero)

“Up from the past that’s rooted in pain I rise” –  Maya Angelou  
Small one
Nkhuni (as in firewood) spirit sketch by my creative artist in a Mulanje village
Malawi is a beautiful land so rich in ancient history and with so many myths and tales about spiritual beings of ancient times who were close to chosen women who were given the gift of ancient African prophecy (ulosi wakale).
Such spirits preferred celibate and unmarried women hence some of them were rain shrine guardians or symbolically married to such male spirits usually appearing in the forms of serpent spirits be it a python or mamba, cobra and not the more than 2000 snake types seen with the naked eye found in Africa and elsewhere.
However this blog ONLY refers to SAPITWA oral stories and myths from ancient priesthoods not to be confused with known and official ones. 
 Today black women who were priestesses of Sapitwa are labelled evil in Malawi because most things black and ancient are viewed as evil unlike those of fairer and lighter races.
However this blog attempts in an amateur way to capture an oral story told by a Sapitwa priestess (nsembe) in Mulanje about the love of a male spirit being towards all including black women sometimes viewed as inferior.
As a descendant, she talks of a time many centuries ago when lands in the south were occupied by Abatwa (pygmies) and Abathwa (bushmen).

Uta wa Leza
Took this photo when I saw a rainbow during a sunny day and many beautiful colours in the sky
A young woman trying to sleep in the middle of the night suddenly feels faint and collapses into deep sleep and has a strange dream or vision.
She sees a bright light above her and in front of it is an elderly man dressed in very bright white clothing with wrinkles clearly defining his face and slanting eyes which resemble a leopard.
His loud voice speaking with an echo hits her ears as one message is repeated over and over again with the echo.
As if looking through a bright tunnel and towards the sun (dzuwa), the young woman in her dream tries to look at this bright being up above and before her with eyes like a leopard.
Leopard with it’s trademark “slanted” eyes photo taken from the Internet but not connected to this story
And then suddenly as if with a big bang he speaks, his loud voice echoing loudly with a message about the things he hates most.
She looks up and still sees this elderly man in white staring at her as he says something like:
Ine ndimadana ndi anthu amene amanyoza mizimu chifukwa mizimu yonse ndi yanga” [I don’t get along with people who insult spirits (souls) because all spirits (souls) are mine].
Startled the woman notices the elderly man’s face looking very angry as it disappears into the distance until she’s left in pitch darkness with an image of an angry leopard.
This “vision” was shared with this blog not as an endorsement but as a way of documenting ancient beliefs as told by the very few who still follow or believe in them.
People who believe in such beings are viewed as primitive, savage and Pagan so such visions were only shared among a few till this blog has repeated them.
There is a certain village woman in Malawi who claims to have “messages” and “visions” but she’s ignored and labeled evil and a witch (mfiti) because in modern Malawi such things are not accepted and are viewed as Pagan which means evil and demonic.
The author of this blog is not endorsing these views but just sharing oral stories and realities of what those of other belief systems say and how the elderly man’s image resembled an online statue of Ptah but a younger being as a sketch was made.
‘A Striking Image of a Afro American Woman Crying’ – stock photo not connected to this blog but to show the pain of some black women
Leopard eye shapes and leopard skins were treasured and valued among ancient Malawi healers and the leopard also symbolized priests and priestesses and royalty in many ancient cultures including ancient Egypt.
 Ironically globally and among all races Jaguar or Leopard’s slightly slanting eyes are considered attractive and some even seek eye surgery to have them.
In another primitive Sapitwa oracle using the metaphor of Chipako (tag), the Sun (dzuwa) is said to be chasing darkness (mdima) into the pit (dzenje) and not the moon of love and water which is also summarised as Pita Chinsinsi.
Once the sun gets close global temperatures will rise but in a primitive way. Letter D
And in yet another dream, the same Pita male spirit stands behind the sun his eyes staring below with a red rock of fire in his right hand nicknamed zwangendaba by asing’anga which might be sulphur rock, as he held lightly but not yet letting it go so –pita hence Pita (to go) but not Ptah pronounced Pitah of ancient Egypt although there are similarities.
Sapita means don’t go just like sapitidwa as in a place where mere mortal beings don’t go and amapita meaning they go but SapiTWA is most like the PI but not sure if “π” but definitely like phiri meaning a hill or mountain and Sa maybe for Sandawe Bushmen and Twa for the Abatwa (pygmies).
Now this Abatwa/Abathwa spirit with slanted eyes also bounces several yellow balls as if to show gravity and online science sources show that “gravity does affect the way balls bounce. Gravity pulls the ball toward the ground, slowing the ball down so that each bounce is shorter and shorter, until eventually the ball stops bouncing.
The force of the ball hitting the hard ground puts an equal force back onto the ball, causing it to bounce up. It is not easy for us mere mortal beings to bounce from the ground into space.
Bouncing ball strobe not related to this blog taken from the unofficial Wikipedia
This blog can now cautiously reveal that Djedeka was a Sapitwa word used for a mythical ladder (makwelero) with the ancient pillar of black priesthoods which the central pole (mzati or sikili) in a hut represented.
It was this mythical ladder “primitive” ancient black priesthoods believed was one of several things which connected earth to space.
Words are not being created to sound similar to ancient Egypt’s but said by a sing’anga (traditional healer) in a village in Mulanje, Malawi.
Now she refers to the ancient mythical makwelero as lily and djedeka as in kutsika pansi as in going down or kupita pansi which might be kunjendeka or kudjedeka whose meaning is not yet known but as a code of climbing down after not making it up.
 Djedeka seems to be similar to the Djed of ancient Egypt’s Ptah but this blog is not saying it is the one but maybe ancestors as in ancient African priesthoods and not lay people borrowed ideas from each other.
Djed 2
The Djed Pillar photo taken from
Djed online is usually defined as “an ancient Egyptian symbol that resembles a column with a broad base and capital which is divided by four parallel bars.”
“The Djed pillar had been an object of worship since the pre-dynastic period, giving its name to the city of Djedu (Busiris, in the 9th nome of Lower Egypt).
“It is clear a stylised image, but there is a disagreement regarding the origins of the symbol.  As a hieroglyph it came to represent stability and durability, but may have started out as a fertility fetish,” reads
The author of that blog also suggests that the Djed “represented a cedar tree (mkungudza found on Mt Mulanje or mlanje) with its branches removed, the pole to which sheaves of grain were tied after harvest, or a stylised sheaf of corn.
Now corn is maize which was brought to Africa by the Portuguese in the 1500s so it could not have been in ancient Egypt unlike other grains like sorghum (mapira) and millet (mawere) or pearl millet or black millet (mchewere).
According to other online sources it was from Ptah’s name whose name sounds similar to Pita in Chichewa and not Pitala (Peter) that Egypt was derived, as Hwt-ka-Ptah (home of the ka (soul) of Ptah) transliterated as Aígyptos by the later Greeks and Bes was a central African or Great Lakes god (spirit in Bantu languages) worshiped all over the Med he is a Ba-twa or Pygmy he may also be linked to Ptah who is also a Ba-twa.”
Ptah whose symbolic X resembles Abatwa (pygmies) but his complexion of Abathwa (Bushmen) could also be an ancient letter T in some African alphabets drawn as an x.
He also seems to hold in his hand a jackals symbolizing death which in the book ‘Nile Valley contributions to Civilization” by Anthony T. Browder and introduction by Dr John Henrik Clarke is defined as a type of wild dog which “feasts on carrion which must be consumed at a specific point of decay in order for it to be of sustenance.”
The Djed, Ankh and Was Sceptre looks like jackal on the left and ankh on right –
“The natural instinct of the jackal symbolizes the qualities of fine judgement and the jackal is represented by the Netcher Anpu (Anubis) who was responsible for adjusting the balance of the scale that weighed the heart/soul of the deceased at judgment,” further wrote Browder.
In the same book he also defined ankh as an “ancient Kemetic symbol for life”.
“It represented the unification of the feminine and masculine forces in the universe and the creation of new life….it portrayed both the physical and spiritual aspects of life”.
Likewise in ancient Malawi beliefs, opposites attracted including in the spiritual realm to create Light hence (+) and (-) as in male and female.
Hence there were 14 mythical spirits with 7 above as in the Universe led by Munsandipeze ndine njira (don’t find me I’m the way) hence Pita and not Pitala (Peter) and 7 below as on Earth led by his spirit twin brother Tomasi Bona (Atom, feast).
In ancient Malawi Myths and Tales, the Universe existed in twos hence beliefs that every person has an unknown twin who is not biological.  This is also the main teaching of pigeons (nkhunda) which come in twos so go the oral stories.
SO ABOVE as in AIR (MPWEYA) and WIND (MPHEPO) was led by the Hidden One who is the way and path with that sentence having the ancient hidden SECRET(Chinsinsi) name used in rituals, festivals and the Afterlife.
The start of the harvest in ancient Egypt involved celebrations in honor of Min Read more:
This name for centuries has been connected to the HARVEST and the AFTERLIFE using a mythical path through water to get to the astral realm of some hills and mountains.
That path was however different from the one leading to the Universe which was believed to only have mizimu (spirits) and their Creator locally known as Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe (God) who gave the breath of life hence kupuma and air (mpweya).
And these spirits were given names by some ancient priesthoods of this land:
  1. Mikolo Njinjinji (African Sacred Ibis)
  2. Kabadula Malawi known as Kaba
  3. Saka (the Hunter)
  4. Samba Manja (wash your hands) of the North
  5. Kalipo (said when there’s food to be eaten which is provided by spirits)
  6. Tandipeza (find me)
  7. Munjira (in the path)
However this blog is not saying the vision was Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe whom some ancient priesthoods considered to be Air and the Breath of life hence Moyo and Kupuma.
SO BELOW as in EARTH and WATER was led by Tomasi Bona (Atom, feast) with the mythical 7 mizimu (spirits) of ancient Malawi and the mythical 4 winds of Sapitwa (mphepo zinayi) and Mount Mulanje among others which were a positive charge (+).
The first 4 positive charges (+) were:
  1. Tomasi Bona (atom, world in his hands, feast) of the North Wind
  2. Tagoneka Mbona (we’ve put to sleep Mbona, see) of the West Wind
  3. Chandiona Goneka (it’s seen me put to sleep) of the South Wind
  4. Nthanda mwana wa mwezi, Nandi (Sirius, child of the moon)
And the 3 negative charges (-) pulling with the 4 to make light were:
  1. Chinsinsi Sungamwana (Secret, keep the child)
  2. Dziwe Ntambamwana (magic pool)
  3. Ife Zonse ( all of us)
If one looks carefully that means two triangles hence As ABOVE SO BELOW to form a unique star….meaning the spirits (mizimu) of the air and those of the water (madzi) which include female energies etc.
h20 water security background taken from the internet

Took this picture of children in Milange, Mozambique admiring visiting Malawian children

Tracing footsteps to lead me home

Greetings from the Warm Heart Africa, Malawi.

I'm a Malawian journalist who grew up in many countries including South Africa, Belgium, then West Germany, UK, Washington DC and New York in the US and I love New York.

Trying to come up with the production of my life and by compiling some of my 1000 poems into a book called ‘Tracing Footsteps’ to lead me Home with excellent photography.

I also plan to film award winning documentaries based on the history of this ancient land called Malawi and the mysteries of Sapitwa and the Sirius star. this space.