Friday, February 28, 2014

Of ancient Malawi healers writing on sand with their finger

Sand photo not connected to this blog taken from,_by_Mrs_Logic.jpg
It’s a sunny day as a young woman travels to a village on her way to meet her elderly great grand-father who happens to be a traditional healer.
After a 15 minute walk she sees his hut and the fresh air of the village greets her nose.  Approaching the place she can’t help but admire the cattle the old man owns ranging from cows to sheep and goats.
When she finally gets to one of the huts, she sits down on the ground with her auntie waiting for the arrival of the healer.  Within five minutes he appears and takes a seat near them.
During their conversation, the woman can’t help but notice that the elderly man keeps writing on the sand or dusty ground with his finger.  She can’t make sense of the words because all she sees are circles and cross like figures.
Other healers use sticks or a certain type of tree branch to write on the ground and claim the drawings they make are messages and words they can read which are told to them by mizimu (winged spirits).
This is a true story that happened in another country within the Sadc region and this blog has discovered that some of the ancient healers of this land also used their finger to write on the ground thousands of years ago.
When talking to a “patient” or “client” they would write whatever the spirit tells them.  If they drew a plain circle on the ground and a cross either inside or next to it, that would symbolize “blessings”.
Those who knew that symbol would be happy and expect blessings because in ancient times they believed in the power of words.  Mind you they did not use this alphabet we are using to type on this blog but they had drawings which they could read.
Photo not connected to this blog taken from
Another symbol cross-like with black soil written on the left and the healer’s blood used to write on the right  would scare the person who saw it as they would think they have been cursed and so forth.

All this was done using the index finger which some Malawians on  Facebook friends refer to chala chamkomba phala which describes the way it was used to scoop and stir porridge etc.
This was believed to be similar to the ancient Malawi symbol of the cupped hand still used today to clap for chiefs of this generation and for greeting or showing politeness among other things.
The same cupped hands were also used by the ancestors of this land when asking Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe (God) for things.
They would kneel down and clap their hands three times and then start the ancient African way of praying through their ancestor whom they assumed were closer to God in the spiritual realm.
The ancestors felt only spirits could communicate with the Great Spirit and other spirits among other things and not physical beings on earth.
Healers played with these symbols including the two to represent the rhinoceros horns popularly known as Rhino and locally called chipembere, the animal.
Internet peace sign

The middle finger is suspected to have represented the long horn of the Rhino so combined it represented the two Rhino horns which is different from what we know today as a peace sign and another meaning from a different culture.
There is also a possibility that the Rhino horn represented a dagger or kandalanga sword of Mbona as it also was said to stir up confusion just like mvundulamadzi (the Fish Eagle) when it wants to catch fish among other things.
The seven mythical spirits (mizimu) of Sapitwa also have a horn to represent royalty say some healers. In the Sapitwa mythology, ancestral spirits of the dead live in the astral realm of Mulanje Mountain and winged spirits which have never been human so go the tales.
Of these are 7 spirits guided by their God (Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe) of which four are believed to control what is believed to be 4 winds used by healers to send requests with incense to the Creator and the 3 used for miracles and to form the triangle to represent a mountain with its highest peak.
Sapitwa healers also talk of ancient people using the feather (nthenga) of a chicken to write and document information.
not connected to this blog but used as a chicken feather sample
This blog will share more information once it’s made available.

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Know this Mulanje healer along Midima road?

Playing with fire despite the paraffin I poured on both his arms and hands
Malawians who live or travel along the Midima road going to Mulanje please do this blog a favour and tell this healer who sits near the building in the photo above with his wife to phone Agnes Mizere, he should have her number in his phone.  
Please tell him his number and name was lost in a cellphone and he urgently needs to get in touch with Agnes.  
If he has forgotten the name show him the photo on the profile for this page. Thanks for whoever will assist it’s important and urgent as this blog does not have funds or transport to get there anyhow. Cheers.

Myths & Tales: Soon unveiling ancient Nyangu of Malawi’s secrets

Donkey tail before it’s made into a fly-whisk
She stands there in a distance, somewhere in the astral realm of the mythical Sapitwa all dressed in blue her veil covering her face with a turban like white cloth smartly wrapped inside and covering her hair.

A beauty spot on her left smooth cheek stands out and compliments her mysterious brown eyes with long eyelashes.

Some donate money to her at the cave like stone from which she twirls out to the top while others who attempt to steal from her are said to vanish into thin air and only to be found in a nearby water body so go some tales about the mythical Nyangu of Sapitwa, the highest peak of Mulanje Mountain but not the one seen by man.

This female spirit is believed to always keep her hair covered and her face hidden as if wearing a mysterious mask.  When this spirit opens her veil, healers say it means that a door to the spiritual realm has been opened and all its secrets.

This blog will soon start revealing the ancient secrets and myths of this mysterious spirit some healers like talking about.

They claim once a healer sees her face they can see those in the spiritual realm and communicate with them and vice versa. Healers are also preparing and grooming the new Nyangu this blog has established.

To be continued ……

Sunday, February 23, 2014

‘The long Rhino horn symbol of ancient Malawi kings’

Rhino Internet photo

Once upon a time centuries ago in this ancient land now called Malawi there lived a king (mfumu) who was feared by his subjects because of the reputation he had of showing his little finger to finish off enemies.

When asked, some Facebook friends said the little finger is known as chala cha kanise in Chichewa.
No, his little finger was not like a magic wand but a mythical symbol to represent a goat (mbuzi) horn which was connected to his nyangatools when fighting and destroying enemies.

Such goat horns would feature in the ancient magical oraclemaula with a blackened old nsupa not for public use but only for the kings themselves go some tales told by healers in Malawi.

When the king passed on to the other world, his tools and kit were believed to be buried under his M’manga Mudzi anthill tree which no man was supposed to touch as the foundation.

In legends, the spirits of a few of those ancient kings are believed to live under the anthill but as serpent spirits.
M’manga Mudzi anthill trees believed to have
ancient nyanga tools/kit buried underneath

This is why those anthills they left behind are never touched by sane people and neither are they approached because those who know them fear the said spirits believed to dwell in there.
One of them known as Mpeula or is it Pewula or Mpewula is a wanderer and is said to appear as a short elderly man with grey hair, smooth skin hiding his wrinkles, a straight nose.
But some women in Malawi villages who claim to be sane yet see such spirits describe him as suddenly appearing very tall and then bright white as he wanders around this earth they say.
Photo not connected to this blog taken from
Now such things no longer happen and neither do the majority of villagers have such beliefs because they say most Malawians no longer follow the ways of their ancestors but still worship Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe through various religions.
Now among the more than 50 hand symbols of ancient Malawi, the one where the little finger and index finger were used symbolized the sign of the horn (nyanga).

The index finger which healers refer to as the “kuloza” one in their words meant those in ancient times could point at something and curse it.  Maybe this could be the equivalent of what some online sources call a magical wand but this blog has no idea.

However some other Facebook friends refer to the index finger aschala chamkomba phala which describes the way it was used to scoop and stir porridge etc.

Another ancient Malawi symbol is the cupped hand still used today to clap for chiefs of this generation and for greeting or showing politeness among other things.
Malawi cupped hands
The same cupped hands were also used by the ancestors of this land when asking Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe (God) for things.
They would kneel down and clap their hands three times and then start the ancient African way of praying through their ancestor whom they assumed were closer to God in the spiritual realm.
The ancestors felt only spirits could communicate with the Great Spirit and other spirits among other things and not physical beings on earth.
Now besides the use of nyanga horns, other chiefs used different horns for self-protection and also for fighting wars. The index finger used with the middle finger symbolized the rhinoceros popularly known as a Rhino and locally called chipembere, the animal.

The middle finger is suspected to have represented the long horn of the Rhino so combined it represented the two Rhino horns which is different from what we know today as a peace sign and another meaning from a different culture.
Internet peace sign
There is also a possibility that the Rhino horn represented a dagger or kandalanga sword of Mbona as it also was said to stir up confusion just like mvundulamadzi (the Fish Eagle) when it wants to catch fish among other things.

Traditional medicine could also be used in so many different kinds of horns and for various reasons and some specific types of horns were viewed as what is today known as trumpets say some Sapitwa healers.
The seven mythical spirits (mizimu) of Sapitwa also have a horn to represent royalty say some healers.

In the Sapitwa mythology, ancestral spirits of the dead live in the astral realm of Mulanje Mountain and spirits which have never been human so go the tales.
Of these are 7 spirits guided by their God of which four are believed to control what is believed to be 4 winds used by healers to send requests with incense to the Creator.
Ancient 4 winds of Sapitwa cross
In the myths the royal spirit family consists of Tomasi Bona of the North wind of their god, Tagoneka Mbona of the West wind, Chandiona Gonekela of the South wind and Nthanda mwana wa mwezi [Nthandi] of the East which in English would be the Sirius star and child of the moon.
These four include the ancient Malawi God of rain and rain shrines are believed to be on the mountain.  Chandiona Gonekela was summarised as it’s seen me put to sleep and Nthanda mwana wa mwezi of the East which in English would be the Sirius star and child of the moon.
In ChichewaNthanda yaku m’mawa means the African cross from the east and mwezi means the moon both seen in the sky and drawn by the ancestors of healers of this land so go the tales.

The other three spirits include Dziwe Ntambamwana named after a pool/witchcraft but not to be confused with the Ntambanana River in KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa and Ife Zonse meaning something like us all. 

The last is Sungamwana meaning keep the child for good. Some online sources also claim that the two main uses for rhino horn are both medicinal and ormanental.

“Rhino horn is one of four key ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), to be used in cases of extreme illness. It is considered to have fever reducing and detoxifying properties and is prescribed as an ingredient to treat a whole range of ailments. In Yemen and Oman, rhino horn is used to make traditional dagger handles.
These handles are also made using other substances, but rhino horn is highly prized because it has unique aesthetic properties, which improve with age and handling,” partly reads…/199-the-demand-for-rhino

*This blog is grateful to all Sapitwa healers and Mbona for providing information for online research

Friday, February 21, 2014

Malawians involved in kukhwima incest rituals are Satanic

Photo from
When a 37 year-old man was picked up by Chileka police for allegedly having sex with his 17 year-old daughter (a quick get rich witch-doctor’s formula) many expressed shock at what they thought was a new evil.
The so-called magical kukhwima rituals which involve incest like a chicken online are also defined as causing so-called misala (madness) when instructions are not followed.  

Such satanic Malawians for centuries have ill-treated mentally challenged people because of these oracles told to them by the magical goat-horn maula and not the guidance of traditional healers dealing with spiritual and mental issues.  The below link explains the bizarre myths.

Some think it’s a long gone myth. But this is not quite so, incest a crime has been taking place behind the scenes for centuries only that people were not that open and probably too shy or scared to talk about it.
A woman who had sex with her father when she was 13 told her story in 2007 and preferred to remain anonymous after the trauma she went through.
Lazy people these days seem to stop at nothing in their so-called quest to get worldly ‘riches’ not by sweating for it and working hard but through so-called magical means if what an incest victim reveals is anything to go by.
*Chikondi  grew up in a certain Malawi district in a desperate but close-knit family with nine children.  Her days were routine; completing household chores, tending the maize field and caring for her younger siblings.
She’s illiterate.  As superstition and zamatsenga (magic) stories sometimes rule in remote villages, her family wasn’t  spared and was always at the centre of gossip with strong accusations that the father was behind supernatural occurrences.
He was known to be magically strong (kukhwima) and though he appeared to be a hardworking farmer, villagers insisted his bumper harvest were a result of magical means using animals (kukawa).
He was a simple scruffy man who despite his so-called ‘riches’ hardly bathed, wore torn clothes (patches barely covering his buttocks), and would sometimes herd his cattle.
Her mother was a little bit tidier and kept a low-profile.  Life although not comfortable was quite rosy for *Chikondi until the day she had her first period at the tender age of 13.
To her horror, she says the unthinkable and unimaginable happened when her biological father defiled her.
“He came into my room, stripped naked and had sex with me with my mother’s full consent.  He put a small cloth underneath,” she recalls bitterly, the father who broke her virginity in exchange for so-called ‘wealth’.
After several encounters, *Chikondi started refusing and was kicked out of the house.  She fled and has not spoken to her father since.  Rumours suggested he ‘married’ another daughter.
She then drops a hard to prove bombshell saying her father owns a ‘magical’ snake which ‘vomits’ money after performing cunnilingus on the mother.
With big wide eyes she insists this is true even though stories of talking snakes, flying witches, magic sticks (namulondola), spells and curses are common in most African beliefs while fairy-tales and fiction novels like JK Rowling’s best-selling children’s book ‘The Hobbits, ‘the Lord of the Rings’, ‘the Goblet of Fire’ and witchcraft books like ‘Harry Porter’ are supposedly the work of the imagination.
She then sends shivers down people’s spines when she explains that not everyone can see the six metres long nsato (python) slithering along as it’s the work of magical powers.
Body fluids mixed with charms are part of the alleged recipe hence the need for the father to criminally sleep with his daughter (chizimba). The horror story began when the father visited a sing’anga(witch-doctor) many years ago in search of charms to help him get ‘rich.’
He was allegedly told to have sex with his eldest daughter once she started her period, give his money to the witch-doctor, dress in tatters and not eat meat from his cattle.
*Chikondi now happily married and a Christian does not miss her parents whom she describes as afiti (witches).  However, she prefers to protect their identities, maybe because of fear and prays that one day they’ll see the light and change their wicked ways.
Not only is her father under the microscope.  Incestuous fathers and other perverts have been brought to book.  A Mwanza couple was in trouble with the law for allegedly using their daughter as a sex-slave to somehow enrich their pathetic business.
In 2007, the media reported Hanjipe Hositeni, a practicing witch-doctor as being arrested in Blantyre for allegedly defiling his nine year-old granddaughter and 60 year-old Cranwell Nyondo was imprisoned for allegedly defiling his 8 year-old niece.
In yet another case in the same year, a 51 year-old Mzimba man who allegedly impregnated his mother-in-law was taken into police custody on allegations that he used “witchcraft to kill her brother” and a young man was arrested for defiling a six week-old baby in the forest.
What is sad is that six years later there are still not many vocal voices against incest, defilement and rape as there are against homosexuality cases involving consenting adults.
Bizarre cases involving witchcraft and the occult seem to be on the increase in the region with many Malawians scratching their heads and wondering what’s going on.
Fear seems to have become the order of the day and Satanism the talk of town.  A disturbing number of people act like animals and chickens by indiscriminately having sex with their children, parents and close relations which is criminal and incest.
Juvenile courts have also been full of disturbing stories of innocent children being allegedly taught witchcraft’ and not too long ago there were stories of blood-hunters and vampires somehow drinking blood despite Malawi being a country hard-hit with HIV and Aids back then.
However a cross-section of the clergy has not been pessimistic and prescribed prayers, faith and repentance to ensure a life free of demonic activity.
Other’s have argued that evil cannot enter homes guarded by angels hence the need to repel forces of darkness by following Godly ways.  It becomes tough and psychologically challenging when the evil force, an incestuous father is already in the home.
Internationally paedophile syndicates have created many headaches as the long arm of the law tries to catch up with sick perverts who sexually desire children, both innocent boys and girls.
It’s sickening to hear stories of adults defiling babies.  Though many claims of satanic child-molesting or murder rings have been proven to be unsubstantiated as there was little evidence to support the allegations, one thing is guaranteed.
Any person who causes bodily harm against another will be charged with a crime once caught.
The Laws of Malawi are said not to recognize witchcraft as it’s an offence to pronounce someone a witch, but defilement  and incest are crimes as reportedly states in Section 157 of the Penal Code.  Society needs to expose incestuous relationships and bring all culprits to book.
All Malawians involved in incest rituals or defiling children should be given “scaring” sentences to prevent others from being involved in such filth and evil behaviour.
*This article was first published in Fairlane magazine in 2007

Malawi’s ancient (chikondamoyo) bread of life offerings

Borrowed delicious oven baked  US cornbread photo  not connected to this write-up from
It’s late in the middle of the night around 2 am and a young female priestess centuries ago dreams of a male hand holding cornbread locally known as chikondamoyo  (loves life) and then breaking it in half.

In the middle she sees some black stuff in between locally known as mchewere but suspected to be black millet in English and yellow strings from sweet bananas.

These types of visions are said to have indicated the need to make an offering to Chauta, Namalenga, Mphambe (God) known as the giver of life, the said traditional cornbread or cakes but locally made from local maize flour and not using yeast.

Other offerings included mapira (sorghum) and traditional maize beer like kabanga, masese and so many other types and palm wine like uchema.

Now the chikondamoyo cornbread whom some refer to as African bread is called chigumu by others when banana is added but those in the know how can share with this blog other names. It still eaten in townships and villages.

Chikondamoyo is prepared with whole maize flour known as mgaiwa which some online spell as ngaiwa and it’s like whole ground dry maize or the whole corn kernel.

The local bananas are believed to have made it sweet and these days those without ovens prepare it on a charcoal burner locally known as mbaula and cover the lid of the pot with charcoal so that it bakes with heat on top and the charcoal burning below.

This blog is yet to found out how the ancestors of this land made it using an open fire or maybe a traditional oven?
American cornbread internet photo
These are different from whole maize flour fritters known as zitumbuwa and traditional banana bread known as chimimina.

According to some Malawian women they only use bicarbonate soda when preparing chikondamoyo to soften it and not yeast to make it rise.
Other internet sources including Malawi – Technology Adoption and Risk Initiative Household Baseline Survey 2006 define the black millet known as mchewere as bulrush or pearl millet.

In his book ‘Insects and Human Life’, Brian Morris writes that hybrid maize has a softer husk than Malawi’s local maize locally known as chimanga chamakolo….in other words the one the ancestors used.

But this blog has not yet established how far back thechimanga chamakolo existed in Malawi.
Black millet photo from the internet

Various online sources describe cornbread as the most of “the South’s beloved dishes” in the US and adds that it has roots that run deep, all the way back to Native Americans who dried and ground corn into cornmeal.
“Cornbread is a cornerstone of American food tradition,” says Erin O’Shea, chef of Percy Street Barbecue in Philadelphia online. “Our first bread made without yeast.”
“Native American cornbread was simple, just cornmeal and water cooked on hot flat rocks in the fire and often called ash cake. But its identity changed as cornbread was introduced to early settlers and spread around the country.”
The unofficial Wikipedia defines cornbread as a generic name for any number of quick breads containing cornmeal. They are usually leavened by baking powder.

Native Americans were using ground corn (maize) for food thousands of years before European explorers arrived in the New World. European settlers, especially those who resided in the southern English colonies, learned the original recipes and processes for corn dishes from the CherokeeChickasawChoctaw, and Creek, and soon they devised recipes for using cornmeal in breads similar to those made of grains available in Europe.

“Cornbread has been called a “cornerstone” of Southern United States cuisine. Cornmeal is produced by grinding dry raw corn grains. A coarser meal(compare flour) made from corn is grits. Grits are produced by soaking raw corn grains in hot water containing calcium hydroxide (the alkaline salt), which loosens the grain hulls (bran) and increases the nutritional value of the product (by increasing available niacin and available amino acids).

“These are separated by washing and flotation in water, and the now softened slightly swelled grains are called hominy. Hominy, posolein Spanish, also is ground into masa harina for tamales and tortillas). This ancient Native American technology has been named nixtamalization.  Besides cornbread, Native Americans used corn to make numerous other dishes from the familiar hominy grits to alcoholic beverages (such as Andeanchicha),” further reads the unofficial Wikipedia.
Black Sorghum photo
from the internet

A slightly different variety, cooked in a simple baking dish, is associated with northern US cuisine; it tends to be sweeter and lighter than southern-style cornbread; the batter for northern-style cornbread is very similar to and sometimes interchangeable with that of a corn muffin.

“A typical contemporary northern U.S. cornbread recipe contains half wheat flour, half cornmeal, milk or buttermilkeggsleavening agentsalt, and usually sugar, resulting in a bread that is somewhat lighter and sweeter than the traditional southern version. In the border states and parts of the Upper South, a cross between the two traditions is known as “light cornbread.”

“Unlike fried variants of cornbread, baked cornbread is a quick bread that is dependent on an egg-based protein matrix for its structure (though the addition of wheat flour adds gluten to increase its cohesiveness). The baking process gelatinizes the starch in the cornmeal, but still often leaves some hard starch to give the finished product a distinctive sandiness not typical of breads made from other grains.
Black millet photo from the internet

Sunday, February 16, 2014

Of ancient Malawi’s Napolo wrath...tsunamis, bubbles and froth

Internet beer foam photo not related to this article
A young Malawian healer at the top of a certain mountain notices huge bubbles and froth at a nearby water body as if someone had not properly poured beer into a glass.
It’s as if nature is providing a warning signal.
Sensing something wrong and on close investigation the man sees the bubbles now appearing like boiling water and froth all over the place.
Rushing down the mountain he warns the villagers that Napolo is about to erupt and re-locate to the nearest river or lake so goes a tale told by one Blantyre based healer from Mulanje.
He said in ancient times, healers would rush to the spot where they saw bubbles and offer a sacrifice (nsembe) including mapira (sorghum) to avoid the mythical Napolo serpent spirit from coming out.
Sorghum bicolor photo from
Infonet-biovision website
The man claims in ancient times people were forewarned and able to avoid its deadly path since it moves in a straight line with water and destroys and removes everything in its path.
He also claims the same thing would happen when Napolo moved from the lake back to the mountain after a period of time.  According to this healer that is why in ancient times nsembe offerings were also done at lakes.
Times have changed now and when healers notice such things, many don’t listen to them because such beliefs are ‘primitive’ and ‘old-fashioned’ to them.
However for young Namilanzi also from Mulanje, she claims Napolo also affects the Ruo River at her village near the border Mozambique.  When they see bubbles and whirlpools they scream run!!!! in the vernacular assuming Napolo is passing by in a straight path.
Napolo is a mythical serpent spirit said to sometimes appear as an elderly man with white hair but a spirit in ancient times but as a sea monster when in water bodies.
Ironically some online sources from around the world also suggest bubbles and froth indicating tsunamis but from a scientific point of view.
Tsunamis in lakes can be generated by fault displacement beneath or around lake systems. Faulting shifts the ground in a vertical motion through reverse, normal or oblique strike slip faulting processes, this displaces the water above causing a tsunami read various online sources.

On December 26 some years ago, British schoolgirl Tilly Smith, 10, sensed something was wrong while on the beach with her family. Her mind kept going back to the geography lesson Mr. Kearney gave just two weeks before she flew out to a Thai resort with her family.
Internet ocean waves photo
“The water was swelling and kept coming in,” recalled Penny Smith, Tilly’s mother. “There was froth on it like you get on the top of a beer. The sea was like a millpond before [the swelling began].”
The Smiths, from southeast England, were celebrating Christmas at Maikhao Beach in Phuket, southern Thailand. Deadly tsunami waves were already on their way—triggered by a massive earthquake off northern Sumatra earlier that morning.

“The beach was getting smaller and smaller,” said Penny Smith, 43. “I felt compelled to look, but I didn’t know what was happening. Then Tilly said she’d just studied this at school—she talked about tectonic plates and an earthquake under the sea. She got more and more hysterical. In the end she was screaming at us to get off the beach.”
Tilly’s father, Colin Smith, 46, said other tourists on the beach were alerted by his daughter’s concerns as he took Tilly and her seven-year-old sister back to the hotel swimming pool.
Internet ocean bubbles
Penny Smith added, “I didn’t know what a tsunami was, but seeing your daughter so frightened made you think something serious must be going on.”
She remembers seeing a yacht being tipped vertically in the bay. “Then it was as if the entire sea came out of the water. I was screaming, ‘Run!’, partly reads the National Geographic news on

Psychologists have observed that human beings often manifest a normalcy bias. Simply put, people tend to underestimate the odds of a disaster and the effects of a disaster.
“Often when danger is coming, there are warnings; but we don’t recognize them or we misinterpret them,” further reads the same website.
Elsewhere in Native American culture stories, the people saw “water bubble and froth when the Thunderbird was angry.”  Thunderbird online is described as being a mythical “giant and magical bird.”
“The local people were afraid of Spirit Lake because of the Thunderbird and the other spirit beings that inhabited the area, and kept a healthy distance away.
“When Mount St. Helens erupted in the 1840s, artist Paul Kane traveled to the mountain to sketch and paint it. Upon his return a few days later, the locals ran away from him. 

Their belief in the powers of the spirits there was so strong, they thought Kane was a ghost”, reads

Elsewhere in Europe, an Italian geologist, Dr Luigi Piccardi claimed that sightings of “Nessie” in the dark waters of Loch Ness in Scotland are the simply result of bubbles caused by geological forces.

Popular opinion is divided about whether a surviving plesiosaur lives in Loch Ness or whether the modern myth of the monster is the result of a string of elaborate hoaxes.
“The geologist, from the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche in Florence, said that historical descriptions of the monster often include details of the earth shaking.
Loch Ness photo from
“He claims that sightings of the monster are linked to bubbles rising from the bottom of the Loch caused by seismic activity along the Great Glen fault system, which runs beneath.
Although people may not associate Scotland with earthquakes, Luigi said that the fault line is ‘very large and very active’.”
The geologist told Italian newspaper, La Repubblica: ’There are various effects on the surface of the water that can be related to the activity of the fault.’

Dr Piccardi in the same article points to an old biography about Saint Columba, written by Adamnan, that says the monster appeared and disappeared when the earth shook.
“Written in 690AD, the text describes a story about the saint crossing the River Ness when his disciple is attacked by a monster and is saved when he asks for the protection of god.
“Many people have noted that the description is very vague and mentions an ‘unknown beast’ with a loud roar. It does not support any scientific explanation as there are no bubbles or mention of an ancient monster dwelling in the loch itself,” partly reads the Daily Mail article.

The Wrath of Napolo book cover from
not connected to this article

Took this picture of children in Milange, Mozambique admiring visiting Malawian children

Tracing footsteps to lead me home

Greetings from the Warm Heart Africa, Malawi.

I'm a Malawian journalist who grew up in many countries including South Africa, Belgium, then West Germany, UK, Washington DC and New York in the US and I love New York.

Trying to come up with the production of my life and by compiling some of my 1000 poems into a book called ‘Tracing Footsteps’ to lead me Home with excellent photography.

I also plan to film award winning documentaries based on the history of this ancient land called Malawi and the mysteries of Sapitwa and the Sirius star. this space.